The luteal phase begins during the second half of a menstrual cycle normally (not always) lasting around 12-14 days after ovulation. The corpus luteum, where “luteal phase “ is named after, is formed right after ovulation and is responsible for producing progesterone. During the luteal phase, production of hormone secretions such as progesterone and estrogen, begin to increase helping to prepare uterine lining for a possible fertilized egg. If there is no presence of a fertilized egg or the hormones levels are not optimal, then the menstrual cycle begins.
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