Laparoscopy is an out-patient operation, performed in the abdomen and/or pelvis using small incisions with the aid of a camera. 

It may be used to look for the cause of infertility and/or chronic pelvic pain. If a problem is found, it often can be treated during the same surgery. 

Usually, one incision is placed near the navel and a second near the pubic hairline. A special type of laparoscope called a fertiloscope, which is modified for transvaginal application, may be used.